“Greatest Solutions & Endeavor for Starvation Issue

Every single day do you know how many people die due to the starvation?
According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, over 40 ~ 50 thousands of people died in a day. It means every year over 15 million people past away due to hanger and 70% of them are children.
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I really wonder in this world do we have an enough food for everyone??

The Fact is, Starvation is not cause of insufficient food. Every year in this world over 2.4 billion tons of grain were produced, and the amount is twice quantities of required food for people survive.

2.4 billion tons (An Annual total production of Grain) ÷ 7.1 billion people (World Population)
= 338 kg (/ person)
***Annual Average Amount per capita = 180kg

Then why there aren’t sufficient food for all people?
Where does the Grain go?
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摂取カロリー

Compare with provisions supply quantities and the minimum required quantities of consumed calories at each country, In Japan 31% of calories were higher than the minimum required quantities, and in Somalia around 16 % was deficiency than the minimum required quantities of consumed calories.
Just only 20 % of people could receive enough food at daily life in this world.
The Grain is not only human being, but in advanced country the 60 % of grain (400 million tons) are cattle feed for cow, pig, and fowl so on.
For producing 1 kg beef needs 11 kg grain, for 1 kg pork needs 7 kg grain, and for 1 kg chicken needs 4 kg grain as consumption of feeding food.
As result, just 20% of world people who lives in advance country, consumes more than half quantities of grain in this world.
Calorie Intake per capita
Background of situation of satiation period in Japan, we have huge transition of food habit since before World War 2.
For example the quantity of consumption of meat & eggs increased tenfold than the previous time, and for cattle quantities of grain increased as feeding food dramatically.
Nowadays in Japan 90 % of Grain especially corn and soybeans which is for feeding cattle import from abroad.
Not only thus increasing the quantities of grain consumption, but also large quantities import of plantation products such as sugar, vegetable oil, gives a big impact of damage at developing country people’s lives.

In Japan over half of quantity of food imports from the world, and the number of quantity are annually 55 million tons, however 18 million tons of food was wasted….
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The 18 million tons – the huge amount of wasted food & rate were far larger than consuming country “America”, & total amount of nutritional assistance 4.7 million tons (United Nations World Food Programme), and it is equal amount of 30 million people (Developing countries: 50 million people) annual food.  (**According to Ministry of Agriculture,Forestry and Fisheries “internal self-supply of food chart & Ministry of Health and Welfare “national survey on nutrition”)
More than half of waste food in Japan “10 million tons” were discarded as from household..

It is not only serious issue in Japan but also in this world it become a key issue increasingly
The United Nation Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Forecasted.

According to FAO forecast report, the world population will rise to 9.5 billion by 2075 and says the capability to produce enough food will increasingly become a key issue. Currently, an estimated 30-50% of the four billion metric tons of food produced annually does not reach the consumer, mainly due to poor harvesting, storage and transportation, and consumer and market wastage.
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This report argues that tackling food wastage and improving productivity will also ease demand on land, energy and water, which are all used intensively in food production. It recommends that the FAO collaborates with the international engineering community to transfer knowledge and develop technologies to improve food handling and reduce waste in the initial food production stages.
It also says that governments in developing countries should pursue policies aimed at changing consumer expectations in an attempt to prevent food being wasted on the basis of its cosmetic appearance.

Following all the situation of the world such as over consumption, speed consumption, wastage issue, Peace issue, destruction, pollution, natural disaster issue, and the limited natural resources, It is easy to forecast that the decrease the food product in nearly future in this world.

What if the number of deficiency of food in this world, more country would ask for nutritional assistance. – It is also can say Japan country, because Japan food self-sufficiency rate is just 26 %

The most important point is we whom are satiated & consume more than necessary need to start to reconsider our life level & life style, and same time we need to find the concrete support system for people whom are destitute to be independent as FAO report recommended at the forecast report.

Here is 3 greatest example which I want to introduce

1. French supermarkets banned from throwing away and spoiling unsold food
‘Supermarkets will be obliged to sign a donation deal with charities’
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Supermarkets in France have been banned from throwing away or spoiling unsold food by law.
The stores are now required to donate unwanted food to charities and food banks.
To stop foragers, some supermarkets have poured bleach over the discarded food or storing binned food in locked warehouses.

More information :
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/may/25/french-supermarkets-donate-food-waste-global-law-campaign?CMP=share_btn_fb

2. Supermarkets give kids free fruit
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Woolworths, the fresh food people, is giving kids the chance to eat their favourite fruit for free when they visit the supermarket.

In the first national program of its type, every Woolworths will contain clearly marked stands in the fruit and vegetable section featuring a selection of fresh seasonal fruits sourced from local farmers and suppliers.

Kids will be encouraged to grab fruit such as mandarins, apples and bananas and enjoy it while their parent or carer shops.

Woolworths has committed to the programs in an effort help children eat their recommended two serves of fruit a day* and is part of Woolworths commitment to inspire a healthier Australia. It follows a successful trial in selected stores across South Australia and groundbreaking program in Countdown in New Zealand.

More information;
http://www.woolworthslimited.com.au/page/The_Newsroom/Latest_News/Free_Fruit_for_Kids_at_Woolworths

3. Farm Based Educational Net-Work
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The FBEN is a free member network established to strengthen and support the work of educators, farmers, and community leaders providing access and experiences of all kinds on productive working farms.  We invite you to join our membership community.

The FBEN recognizes that farms come in a wide variety of sizes and structures. Educational activities at farms can be effective regardless of specific characteristics and products. Farms can be owned, leased, for-profit or not-for-profit, raising vegetables, animals, fiber, timber, and other living natural resource products. Educational farms can range from having a single teacher-farmer to a staff of hundreds. Educational farms can serve all ages from infant visitors with their parent, through K to 12 grades, to university students and adults throughout their lives.

More information;
http://www.farmbasededucation.org/

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